10 handy F5 LTM iRules I often use

These are the few handy (10) F5 LTM iRules I use very often. I am keeping a copy here as my reference and this might help others as well.

 

1. Log all http access headers (client access request & response) – this will send logs to /var/log/ltm.

++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
   set LogString “Client [IP::client_addr]:[TCP::client_port] -> [HTTP::host][HTTP::uri]”
   log local0. “=============================================”
   log local0. “$LogString (request)”
   foreach aHeader [HTTP::header names] {
      log local0. “$aHeader: [HTTP::header value $aHeader]”
   }
   log local0. “=============================================”
}
when HTTP_RESPONSE {
   log local0. “=============================================”
   log local0. “$LogString (response) – status: [HTTP::status]”
   foreach aHeader [HTTP::header names] {
      log local0. “$aHeader: [HTTP::header value $aHeader]”
   }
   log local0. “=============================================”  
}

+++++

 

2. Log client_ip only (the above example show IP as well) – this will send client_ip address to /var/log/ltm.

+++
when CLIENT_ACCEPTED {
  log “CONNECT: [IP::client_addr]”
}
+++++

 

3. Redirect HTTP to > HTTPS

++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
if { [string tolower [HTTP::host]] ends_with “.myfqdn.com.au” } {
HTTP::redirect https://www.myfqdn.com.au [HTTP::uri] #no space
}
else {
reject
}
}
+++++

 

4. Allow our DNS host names only – we don’t allow domain names which doesn’t belongs to us. We only accept “mydomain.com.au” and subdomains within it for our virtual servers.

++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
            if { [string tolower [HTTP::host]] equals “mydomain.com.au” || [string tolower [HTTP::host]] ends_with “.mydomain.com.au” } {
            }
            else {  
                        reject
            }
}
+++++

 

5. If all pool members are down – redirect HTTP Requests to our maintenance web site –

+++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
if { [active_members [LB::server pool]] == 0 } {
HTTP::redirect “https://maintenance.mydomain.com.au/#no space
}
}
++++++

 

6. If ALL pool member is down, display “site is under maintenance from the F5” from the F5.

++++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
if { [active_members [LB::server pool]] == 0 } {
HTTP::respond 200 content “<p><h3>This site is currently under maintenance – please try again later.</h3></p>”
}
}
+++++

 

7. If all pool members are down – return 200 OK with content from the F5 –

++++
when HTTP_REQUEST { 
    if { [active_members [LB::server pool]] == 0 } {
        HTTP::respond 200 content “<p><h3>This site is currently under maintenance – please try again later.</h3></p>”
    }
 }
+++++

 

8. URI rewrite – if client try to access “/application” rewrite/send them to “/application/ver1.1”

++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
    switch [HTTP::uri] {
        “/application” {
          HTTP::uri “/application/ver1.1”
        }
           }
}
+++++++++

 

9. Rewrite URI based on HTTP Header – URI rewrite is transparent to client whereas HTTP::redirect to new address is not which return HTTP code 3xx to client.

+++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
    switch [HTTP::header X-APP-Version] {
        “app1.0” {
            HTTP::uri “/app/default1.0”
        }
        “app2.0” {
            HTTP::uri “/app/default2.0”
        }
    }
}
++++++

 

10. HTTP redirect based on http header – HTTP redirect 307 preserve what present within a initial POST request whereas other 30x such as 301/302 does not preserve any data in initial POST.

+++++++
when HTTP_REQUEST {
            if { [HTTP::header X-APP-NAME] contains “myapp1”}
            {
                                    HTTP::respond 307 “Location” “https://myapp.abc.com/api/myapp1.0#no space
            }
            else {
                                    HTTP::respond 307 “Location” “https://myapp.abc.com/api/myapp2.0#no space
            }
}
+++++++++

 

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